Main Types and Characteristics of the Lawn Mowers

Alan Whafts

The rational choice of a lawn mower is associated with an assessment of its technical and functional characteristics with the characteristics of the lawn and user preferences.

Main types of lawn mowers comparison

Engine type and energy source
Corded Lawn Mowers
electric mowers
Environmentally friendly, do not require purchase and storing of fuel and lubricants, low noise (about 80 dB).Need to connect to the electricity network, often with extension cord. There is a risk of cable damage. They are dangerous to operate in the rain.
Battery Powered Mowers
Cordless mowers
Have the same advantages listed above, plus high mobility. Robotic lawn mowers works without without the human operators.Large weight, limited battery life time (15 to 30 minutes), time consuming recharging.
Gasoline Mowers
Gasoline lawn mowers
Powerful, maneuverable, reliable, designed for heavy-duty use.Heavy, have a high level of noise (above 90 dB), require regular maintenance and the purchase of fuel.
Mechanical mowersPush reel mowers
Environmentally friendly, almost silent, low cost, operate in any weather, ideal for short young grass.It requires great physical efforts for fast movement technique, time-consuming mowing. Not suitable for dense or high grass.
Lawn mower drive systems
Front wheelSelf-propelled Front wheel drive lawn mower
Maneuverable when turning.Works great only on flat lawns.
Rear-wheelSelf-propelled rear wheel drive mower
Rear wheels of larger diameter help to work on slopes and uneven terrain.Uncomfortable when turning, sometimes you need to stop, and even lift some models.
Four-wheelSelf-propelled four-wheel drive lawn mower
Powerful and highly efficient, works great for the landscape of any complexity and any weather. Climbs and descend from the hills easily.High cost, significant weight (about 50 kg).
Manual mowersPush reel mowers
Have a low weight (about 15 kg)Hard to push ahead, low power
Cutting units
Reel mowers, (or cylinder mowers)Mower with the reel cutting unit
Provide the best quality of mowingHave low power and works only for flat surfaces, not suitable for abandoned lawns.
Rotary mowerMower with rotary cutters
Universal, can adjust the height of the blades, works great on the hills and uneven terrain.A rotary mower needs an engine. Grass bends slightly during the cutting action, it causes uneven and slightly ragged edge. When grass dries the end turns becomes brown and lawn looks a little unkempt.
Air bagWheel-less lawn mower
Maneuverable, easy handling, designed to work on rough terrain and in remote places.Have a small range, it is difficult to direct in a straight trajectory.
Lawn mower power
Electric – 1.5 kW
Gasoline – less than 2.5 hp
Low-power mowers
Compact, lightweight, economical, ideal for small gardens flat lawns with flowerbeds.Small cutting width, time consuming mowing, cuts well only young short grass
Electrical – 1,5-2 kW
Gasoline – 2.5-6 hp
Average power lawn mowers
The best option for most lawns with a slight slope and surface complexity, cut the grass with a thick stem, high speed of the mowing.Higher cost, relatively large weight and dimensions.
Gasoline – more than 6 hpHigh power mowers
Reliability and performance, semi-professional and professional models.High cost of the machine and maintenance.

Gasoline gardening equipment is universal, efficient and reliable, has a much longer life of continuous operation. No wonder professional lawn mowers are made gasoline only.At the same time, you simply may not need all these features, if it comes to a small well-groomed area. Another question is the functionality of the mower, productivity is often associated with the power.

Choosing Lawn Mower

The first thing to consider when choosing a lawn mower is how big is the lawn. If it is located near the house and has a small area, then I recommend you an electric rotary lawn mower.

For large areas you need a gasoline lawn mower. And you have a very large lawn and you have decent cash, then buy a self-propelled unit.

When buying, pay attention to the following nuances.

Landscape features

Trimmer is better then lawn mowers on tough landscapeFor smooth surfaces, a lawn mower on wheels is ideal. But keep in mind that they have limited working angles. On slopes or in the garden between trees and bushes trimmer works better if it is light-weight enough to hold it in your hands. With trimmer you can mow a lawn of any complexity.

Engine power

Powerful lawn mowers allow to achieve high quality of your lawn with less efforts.


Lawn mower's blades sharpeningMowers with wide blades perfectly cut grass. Some lawn mowers has mulching knives, which perfectly grind the grass. The knife should always be sharp, you need remove and sharpen it periodically.


Large diameter wheels are easy to operate. Wide wheels will not damage the grass.

The way of the cutting height adjusting

To change the cutting height in most modern mowers (even reel ones) you need simply move a lever. Some mowers may require to adjust each wheel. If this is the case, you shouldn’t accidentally adjust them to different heights. It is common to use a wrench, screwdriver etc. to make adjustments.

For riding mowers, the way for lowering and raising the cutting deck tend to vary more. Therefore, it is important to read your manual for information.

Grass catcher

It is necessary to decide clearly how you will use cut grass. If you want to leave grass on the lawn, i.e. mulch it, then you don’t need grass catcher. And if you want to have a clean emerald lawn, then choose mower with a grass catcher.

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